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Jesus' death and resurrection | What's on your chalkboard?
Sunday 10th March


The preaching is based on the Apostles Creed. 

A summary of our Faith as Christian. The Apostles’ Creed is therefore a summary of what the Church teaches, and of what Christians together believe, rather than a detailed statement of individual and personal belief. Saying the Creed binds Christians together as a believing community, across different traditions and practices.



What would have been on Jesus’ chalkboard while he was on the cross of Calvary?

  • Deliverance for mankind - And having disarmed the powers and authorities, he made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them by the cross Colossians 2:15.
  • Finisher of our Faith ( . before he took his last breath, Jesus said … ‘It is finished’) victory has been won.
  • Forgiveness = new creation 
  • Love (Behold what manner of love that the Father has bestowed upon us that we should be called the sons and daughters of God). God so loved the world he gave.
  • Authority( Behold I give unto you power).
  • Power enemies to be made his footstool this is the job of the church, all creation is waiting for the children of God to be revealed.

The Preach:

  1. Descended into Hell – Ephesians 4:1 – 

Paul writes of Jesus' decension into the lower parts of the earth and his ascension to being seated at the right hand of God.

“Rise up O God” from Psalm 82 in the Greek Old Testament is the same verb as resurrection which the book of Acts uses it to mean rise again.

Worldview heaven is the space above the home of the Elohim, which we may call the heavenly realm, the earth was where humans were meant to rule and reign. The lower parts are the dust if you like the place of the dead.

These three realms were a mindset. When we think of the realms as the ancient worldview

  • The gates of hell shall not prevail – Matt-16:17-18

And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock, I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it.


  • Jesus walking into hell to collect the keys – Psalm 24:7-10 


Lift up your heads, O ye gates; and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in.

Who is this King of glory? The Lord strong and mighty, the Lord mighty in battle.

Lift up your heads, O ye gates; even lift them up, ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in.

10 Who is this King of glory? The Lord of hosts, he is the King of glory. Selah.

    The Lord Almighty—
    he is the King of glory.


Jesus walking to hell to collect the keys - Whoever holds a key has the power and authority to open a door and gain access to what lies beyond. Irreversibly, the owner of the key can also close a door, thus shutting in what he wants to keep locked up.

Through His death and resurrection on the Cross, Jesus claimed the keys to death and Hades for Himself Revelation 1:17-18 Therefore, not only is Jesus the ruler of heaven as part of the Godhead, but He also has authority over death and can determine who enters or leaves hell.

”When I saw him, I fell at his feet as though dead. But he placed his right hand on me, saying, “Do not be afraid; I am the first and the last, and the living one. I was dead, and see, I am alive forever and ever; and I have the keys of Death and of Hades.“

Revelation 1:17-18 NRSV


  1. Disarmed the Rulers – Col. 2:13-15

”And when you were dead in trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh, God made you alive together with him, when he forgave us all our trespasses, erasing the record that stood against us with its legal demands. He set this aside, nailing it to the cross. He disarmed the rulers and authorities and made a public example of them, triumphing over them in it.“

Colossians 2:13-15 NRSV

Forgiveness disarms the rulers and powers. From the Context of this scripture 

Giles to note when scripture talks about forgiveness of sin. It is in a bigger context of idolatry. Not just our individual sins. Forgiveness is freedom, sin is linked to exile and slavery 

John 20 if you forgive the sins of others they are forgiven 

Romans 6 slavey to sin 

The freedom from salary to powers and principalities. We cannot serve God and money, power and sex. 

Idolatry today is often in the categories of money sex and power, not unlike the 1st-century apostles warning against being subject to false worship or idols. Aphrdity Mars and mammon were commonly worshipped 

Pre Christ, we are slaves to sin, dead in our sin and lost, without Christ without hope. We had no power to release ourselves, so we need those sins forgiven.

Binding and loosing 

”Truly I tell you, whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven. Again, truly I tell you, if two of you agree on earth about anything you ask, it will be done for you by my Father in heaven. For where two or three are gathered in my name, I am there among them.”“

Matthew 18:18-20 NRSV

The power of the enemy has over you is your sin. What’s your sense of forgiven? The enemy has no more accusation against you. Jesus said the enemy has come for me but he has nothing on me. Also when he talks about bonding and losing in heaven is bound bound bound on heaven and it’s talking about forgiveness.

Quote “The smaller reality I, as a sinner, need to know the forgiving love of God in my life is vital for each person, one by one. The larger reality is that something has happened within the actual world of space, time, and matter, as a result of which everything is different. By six o'clock on Friday evening, Jesus died, something had changed and changed radically. Heaven and earth were brought together, creating the cosmic "new temple": "God was reconciling the world to himself in the Messiah" (2 Cor. 5:19).

Within that new reality, the "forgiveness of sins" was neither simply a personal experience nor a moral command, 


 It was the name for a new state of being, a new world, the world of resurrection, the resurrection itself being the archetypal forgiveness moment, the moment when the prison door is swung open, indicating that the jailor has already been overpowered. As Paul if the Messiah is not raised, "your faith is pointless, and you are still in your sins" (1 Cor. 15:17).


"Forgiveness of sins," for the first disciples, was now to be seen as a fact about the way the world was, a fact rooted in the one-off accomplishment of Jesus's death, then revealed in his resurrection, and then put to work through the Spirit in the transformed lives of his followers. Forgiveness of sins became another way of saying "Passover" or "new Exodus." Or, as in Isaiah 54-55, following hard on the heels of the kingdom announcement of chapter 52 and the "servant's" work in chapter 53, it would come to mean "new covenant" and "new creation." 


The gospel was the announcement of this new reality


This new reality to perceive except by faith in Jesus's death-defeating resurrection, as all the early Christians knew well— was designed to come to ultimate fruition in the eventual new creation, the "new heavens and new earth."


Ephesians 1:10 says it all: God planned to unite all things in the Messiah, things in heaven and on earth.


  1. Seated on the right hand – Heb. 10

”And every priest stands day after day at his service, offering again and again the same sacrifices that can never take away sins. But when Christ had offered for all time a single sacrifice for sins, “he sat down at the right hand of God,” and since then has been waiting “until his enemies would be made a footstool for his feet.” ”For by a single offering he has perfected for all time those who are sanctified.“ And the Holy Spirit also testifies to us, for after saying, “This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, says the Lord: I will put my laws in their hearts, and I will write them on their minds,” he also adds, “I will remember their sins and their lawless deeds no more.” Where there is forgiveness of these, there is no longer any offering for sin.“

Hebrews 10:11 -18 NRSV

Position of authority having won the victory, reversing the effect of one man's disobedience to Christ's obedience. Again looking at the big picture we, the new creations are seated with him. The church is given the responsibility as Christ's body to enact that victory over evil from a position of authority.  


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